How would you define Biodiversity and why is maintaining it important?
An idea I bring to the table from a Permaculture perspective: "It is not the number of diverse things in a design that leads to stability, it is the number of beneficial connections between these components." (Mollison, 1988).
I think of it as the opposite of monocultures, those vast fields of all one crop, like corn or soy. Like the quote in Jonny's comment mentions, there are so many beneficial connections between different organisms--from plants, to animals, to pollinators and other insects, to microbes in the soil--that we don't understand them all. Many of the negative consequences of replacing a biodiverse tract of land with a monoculture may be unintended, but that doesn't make them any less devastating.
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